Effect of flavourzyme® on angiotensin‐converting enzyme inhibitory peptides formed in skim milk and whey protein concentrate during fermentation by lactobacillus helveticus


Fatah Ahtesh ... [et.al.]


Journal of food science. 81,1 (2016) M135-M143


ACE inhibition. Flavourzyme. Lactobacillus helveticus. Skim milk.


Angiotensin‐converting enzyme inhibitory (ACE‐I) activity as affected by Lactobacillus helveticus strains (881315, 881188, 880474, and 880953), and supplementation with a proteolytic enzyme was studied. Reconstituted skim milk (12% RSM) or whey protein concentrate (4% WPC), with and without Flavourzyme® (0.14% w/w), were fermented with 4 different L. helveticus strains at 37 °C for 0, 4, 8, and 12 h. Proteolytic and in vitro ACE‐I activities, and growth were significantly affected (P < 0.05) by strains, media, and with enzyme supplementation. RSM supported higher growth and produced higher proteolysis and ACE‐I compared to WPC without enzyme supplementation. The strains L. helveticus 881315 and 881188 were able to increase ACE‐I to >80% after 8 h of fermentation when combined with Flavourzyme® in RSM compared to the same strains without enzyme supplementation. Supplementation of media by Flavourzyme® was beneficial in increasing ACE‐I peptides in both media. The best media to release more ACE‐I peptides was RSM with enzyme supplementation. The L. helveticus 881315 outperformed all strains as indicated by highest proteolytic and ACE‐I activities