Gelling properties of fish/pork mince mixtures


Ru Liu ... []


Journal of food science. 81,2 (2016) C301-C307


Fish. Gelling property. Microstructure. Pork. Raman spectroscopy.


The gel properties of silver carp/pork mince mixtures were investigated as well as the protein structural changes and interactions during gelling using rheology, SEM, and FT‐Raman spectroscopy. The breaking force values for gels containing 0% to 40% pork was significantly lower (P < 0.05) compared with gels containing 50% to 100% pork. Gels containing 70% to 100% pork had significantly higher (P < 0.05) breaking force values compared with gels containing 50% to 60% pork. Deformation values were more mixed. Dynamic rheological data suggested that mixing fish and pork at 3:7 could strengthen the gel network. The addition of 40% pork or above, significantly decreased (P < 0.05) the water retention of the gels compared with the 100% fish gels. The dimensional ordering of gels was also reduced by addition of pork. The reduced ordering was one of the reasons for the low water retention for fish/pork mixed gels. Raman spectral analysis confirmed that mixing fish and pork in 7:3 and 3:7 ratios could promote hydrophobic interactions such as bringing tyrosine residues into the intermolecular interface. The interactions in the 3:7 fish/pork mixed gels were favorable for forming a stronger gel. However, the interactions in the 7:3 fish/pork mixed gels were adverse. The water retention of gels was related to both molecular interactions and secondary structures of protein as well as the microstructure of the gels