Kaempferia parviflora ethanol extract, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ ligand-binding agonist, improves glucose tolerance and suppresses fat accumulation in diabetic NSY mice


Masaru Ochiai … [et al.]


Journal of Food Science.84(2)2019:339-348


Fat accumulation. Glucose tolerance. Kaempferia parviflora. Methoxy flavone.


This study assessed the effect of Kaempferia parviflora, also known as black ginger (BG), and its ethanol extract (BGE) on peroxisome proliferator‐activated receptor (PPAR) γ agonistic activity, glucose tolerance, fat accumulation, and lipids‐induced hypertriglyceridemia in mice. PPARγ ligand‐binding capacity in vitro and polymethoxy flavone contents were highly observed in organic solvent extracts. In an animal experiment A, male diabetic Nagoya‐Shibata‐Yasuda mice were divided into five dietary groups and fed each diet for 8 weeks: AIN‐93G diet (low‐fat [LF] diet), high‐fat (HF) diet, HF diet supplemented with 1% BG, HF diet supplemented with 0.19% BGE, and HF diet supplemented with pioglitazone (PPARγ agonist, 3 mg/kg/day) as a PPARγ agonistic positive control. As determined from glucose and insulin tolerance tests, plasma glucose levels were improved in the BG and BGE groups. The BGE extract suppressed fat accumulation in adipose tissues, liver, and muscles without changing the plasma adiponectin level. In an animal experiment B, in order to investigate the effect of BG and BGE on lipid‐induced hypertriglyceridemia, male ddY mice were divided into three test groups: control, BG‐administered group (500 mg/kg), and BGE‐administered group (100 mg/kg). The plasma triacylglycerol level was not different among the groups during the lipids administration test. These results conclude that the BGE extract containing several kinds of polymethoxy flavones showed PPARγ ligand‐binding capacity in vitro and prevented obesity and insulin resistance independent of adiponectin secretion in mice